Collie Puppies

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The Intelligent, Friendly, and Protective Collie

The Collie dog breed originated in Scotland, particularly in the Highlands, where it was predominantly used as a herding dog. They make excellent family pets and are still capable herders. Collies are known for their unwavering loyalty and exceptional ability to anticipate their owners' needs.

Collie At a Glance

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Collie At a Glance

  • Size: 20"-24", 50-75 lbs.
  • Lifespan: 12-14 years
  • Energy Level: medium
  • Coat: Long, dense, and either smooth or harsh-textured
  • Shedding: moderate
  • Hypoallergenic: No
  • Dog Group: Herding
  • Common Nicknames: Rough Collie, Lassie, Scotch Collie, Smooth Collie, Scottish Collie, English Collie

Collie Breed Guide

Learn More About Collies

  • Temperament

    Collies are intelligent, friendly, and protective dogs that make beloved family pets. They are particularly fond of children and enjoy playing with them and protecting them. Collies are at their happiest when spending time with their family and being part of household activities. That said, these dogs should not be left alone for extended periods of time, or they may bark excessively or become destructive. Otherwise, Collies are very mild-mannered, sensitive, and eager to please their owners, but have a tendency to be a bit stubborn at times. When it comes to friendliness, Collies are generally sociable with everyone, from strangers to other pets. However, they should still be socialized during puppyhood to ensure that they grow up to be pleasant and well-rounded.

  • Health

    Collies don't have many breed-specific health issues other than collie eye anomaly, a genetic condition that can cause blindness and problems with the retina. Collie owners should also know the signs of progressive retinal atrophy, bloat, and MDR1 gene mutation, a condition that mainly affects herding dog breeds.

  • Activity Level

    The Collie is a herding breed that is bred to work all day and requires a lot of exercise. A 30- to 45-minute walk twice a day is ideal, along with some playtime. The Collie is not a good apartment dog unless someone is present to minimize barking and provide them with adequate exercise. Once they receive enough exercise, Collies are typically quiet house dogs.

  • Grooming

    Collies with a rough coat will need to be thoroughly brushed 1 to 2 times each week while Collies with smooth coats only need a quick brush around once a week. Collies should be bathed around once a month, as well as have their teeth brushed, nails trimmed, and ears inspected regularly.

  • Shedding

    Collies can be moderate or heavy shedders depending on their coat type. A Collie with a longer coat, known as a rough coat, will shed more than a Collie that has a short coat, also called a smooth coat.

  • Appearance

    Collies are a medium-to-large dog breed with long, slim faces and thick coats. There are two types of Collie: Rough and Smooth. Both varieties require maintenance, but the Rough Collie in particular requires regular brushing to maintain its coat.

  • History

    The Collie originated during the 1800s in Scotland. At the time, there were two varieties: rough-coated and smooth-coated. Over time, both the rough-coated and smooth-coated Collies were bred to be taller and more refined. In 1860, Queen Victoria, known for her love of dogs, took a liking to the breed and added one to her kennel. In the following years, the Collie became increasingly popular among the wealthy and higher-class people in England. In the United States, Collies were brought over by some elite Americans, and the breed could later be found in several prestigious estates in the United States. In the following century, the infamous television Collie, Lassie, popularized the breed even more. Today, the Collie is one of the most popular breeds in America.