Jack Russell Terrier Puppies

Photo of Jack Russell Terrier

A playful and athletic breed with a big personality

Once used to help hunters by driving foxes from their lairs, the Jack Russell Terrier is a joyful little dog with plenty of spunk and personality. These charming dogs are known for their bold and feisty temperament, and they are quite entertaining to be around.

Jack Russell Terrier At a Glance

Photo of Jack Russell Terrier Photo of Jack Russell Terrier Photo of Jack Russell Terrier Photo of Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier At a Glance

  • Size: 12"-15", 13-17 lbs.
  • Lifespan: 13-16 years
  • Energy Level: high
  • Coat: Smooth and short
  • Shedding: moderate
  • Hypoallergenic: No
  • Dog Group: Terrier
  • Common Nicknames: JRT

Jack Russell Terrier Breed Guide

Learn More About Jack Russell Terriers

  • Temperament

    Jack Russell Terriers are athletic, tenacious, and highly energetic little dogs. They're smart, but have a tendency to be a bit stubborn, making training slightly difficult. That said, this isn't an ideal breed for novice dog owners. Jack Russell Terriers love having a job to do, and they can become bored easily if not given something interesting to do. These dogs also require lots of daily exercise. Without enough, they can become destructive out of boredom. The Jack Russell is friendly toward humans but may be aggressive toward smaller animals that resemble prey. As far as children go, Jack Russells get along well with older kids but are less patient around toddlers and babies.

  • Health

    Jack Russell Terriers don't have many health issues as a breed. While this breed is generally quite healthy, owners should still be aware their Jack Russells may be susceptible to luxating patellas, deafness, glaucoma, lens luxation, and legg-calve-perthes disease.

  • Activity Level

    The Jack Russell Terrier needs a lot of vigorous activity to keep its mind and body in shape, so they are not the best choice for people who have sedentary lives. These rambunctious pups like being out and about with their family, doing activities such as hiking, running, or walking.

  • Grooming

    Jack Russell Terriers have low-maintenance coats, only needing to be brushed once a week. These dogs can be bathed on an as-needed basis whenever they get dirty. Like other breeds, inspect and clean your Jack Russell's ears on a regular basis to prevent infections, clip your dog's nails each month, and stay on top of brushing your Jack Russell's teeth.

  • Shedding

    Jack Russell Terriers shed moderately throughout the year and are not a good fit for allergy sufferers. Brushing your Jack Russell on a weekly basis will help reduce loose hair floating around your house.

  • Appearance

    The Jack Russell Terrier is a strong working dog with an athletic body. Their coats can be either smooth, rough, or broken and are mostly white in color with black or brown markings throughout.

  • History

    The Jack Russell Terrier originated in the mid-19th century in England. Primarily, the breed was developed by one man: Parson John Russell, which is why the breed is also called the Parson Russell Terrier. Russell's goal was to create a working terrier that could aid hunters by chasing foxes from their dens. Once the breed came to the United States during the early 1900s, there was some disagreement on its appearance and working ability. Some believed that the Jack Russell should remain a working dog, while others thought that it should compete in dog shows and gain American Kennel Club (AKC) recognition. To differentiate, the AKC renamed the breed Parson Russell Terrier, while the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America (JRTCA) retains the name Jack Russell and considers the breed solely a hunting dog.