German Pinscher Puppies

Photo of German Pinscher

The Clever and Intelligent German Pinscher

The German Pinscher is one of Germany's oldest dog breeds, and has played a role in developing breed standards for other Pinschers. They are elegant in appearance, intelligent, and energetic.

German Pinscher At a Glance

Photo of German Pinscher Photo of German Pinscher Photo of German Pinscher Photo of German Pinscher

German Pinscher At a Glance

  • Size: 17"-20", 25-45 lbs.
  • Lifespan: 12-14 years
  • Energy Level: high
  • Coat: Short and dense
  • Shedding: moderate
  • Hypoallergenic: No
  • Dog Group: Working
  • Common Nicknames:

German Pinscher Breed Guide

Learn More About German Pinschers

  • Temperament

    German Pinschers make great companion dogs and love spending time with their owners. They are clever and intelligent, but training should be started early so mischievous behavior doesn't develop. Because of their origins as rat catchers, German Pinschers have a tendency to see small animals as prey. Additionally, these dogs do best in families with no smaller children.

  • Health

    These hardy dogs don't face too many health conditions. However, while German Pinschers tend to be healthy, owners should still be aware of a few health issues that might affect this breed. These health issues include ear infections, von Willebrand's disease, eye conditions, heart problems, and hip dysplasia.

  • Activity Level

    German Pinschers are high-energy and require at least 90 minutes of exercise daily to stay happy and healthy. A large yard with a high fence is recommended so they can get lots of playtime outside. They love playing fetch and other games that challenge them mentally and physically.

  • Grooming

    This breed is easy to groom and maintain. A simple, quick brush once a week is enough to keep the German Pinscher's coat healthy. German Pinschers can be bathed on an as-needed basis when they get dirty or have doggy odor. However, owners will want to regularly check and clean their German Pinchers' ears to prevent ear infections from wax build-up, dirt, and grime.

  • Shedding

    German Pinschers have short coats but are still moderate shedders. These dogs shed year-round but owners will notice an increase in shedding during seasonal changes.

  • Appearance

    German Pinschers carry a powerful elegance with their strong, muscular build. Their coats are short, smooth, and fine, and are most commonly found in combinations of black, brown, fawn, and red. Their symmetrical ears are set high on the head and often cropped to a point.

  • History

    The German Pinscher is one of the earliest Pinscher dog breeds, appearing in Germany around the 1800s. These dogs were bred to keep farms free of rats and other vermin. The German Pinscher is responsible for some breeds we know today like the Miniature Pinscher, Doberman Pinscher, and all sizes of Schnauzers. Despite the name similarities, the German Pinscher actually has a greater genetic link to Schnauzers than the Doberman Pinscher or Miniature Pinscher. While the German Pinscher helped create many breeds we know today, this breed wasn't recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) until 2003.